J Hughlings Jackson was appointed as physician to the National Hospital in 1862. He is widely considered the "father of British neurology" and its greatest theoretician, making major contributions to many fields of neurology, including localisation of epilepsies. His portrait hangs in the Hospital's main staircase, and a replica of this bust is on display in Queen Square Library, along with his chair. Queen Square Archives holds his patient case notes, and also unpublished papers which have been digitised.
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